In 1999, the Canadian government gave autonomy to the aboriginal inhabitants of the Northeastern part of the country, the Inuit. So far, the results have been less than promising. The Trials of Nunavut describes the challenges of the nascent nation and some hope for its future. It also comes with a nice slide show; be sure to check it out.
Though alcoholism, confused identity and crime plague the Inuit, their life has never been easy. In pre-modern times, the average life-expectancy was only 35. Now, it’s probably over 70. So, from a purely material point of view, they are much better off now. However, it seems certain to me that the new roads, education and jobs they crave will cost them their living culture. The choices are their’s. I do wonder how well informed they are in making them.